- Time clauses use the form of the present simple to refer to future time.
- We´ll talk(the future tense) about it when you arrive(present time).
- As soon as the film finishes we´ll go home.
- I´ll wait until you are ready.
- After we paint the wall we´ll have a rest.
- I´ll have a lunch before I start work.
- By the time we get there it´ll be dark.
- Once the dog gets used to you, it won´t bark.
- Whenever I feel depressed, I´ll call you.
- Let me know the moment you see him.
- Can you water the flowers while I am away?
- I´m going to travel the world before I get too old.
- As soon as the lesson finishes, I´m leaving.
- After she finishes school, she wants to go to university.
Time clauses emphasizing completion:
- When the painters have finished the rooms, they´ll leave.
- When I have finished my homework, I´ll take the dog out.
- Don´t leave until we have settled the matter. (dokud není ta záležitost vyřešená)
Other time clauses:
- When / After he had put (dokonavost) the phone down he started to laugh.
- By the time they got to the station the train had left.
- Hurry up! By the time we get to the station the train will have left.
- (Just) as I was passing his house I heard a noise.
- While I was having a bath, the phone rang.
- Since they got married, they have moved house twice.
- It´s (been) ages since I last drove a car.
- We´ll wait until it gets dark / it has got dark.
- TILL/ UNTIL × TO
- I´ll wait till / until 5. I´ll wait till / until you come.
- We have lunch break from 12 to / till 1.
- TILL / UNTIL× BY
- Hand in your essays by Friday. = lhůta, někdo odevzdá ve středu, pátek je lhůta
- Stay here till 5. = continuing state
- May I stay here till Monday?
- STILL × YET × ALREADY
- I think you are wrong. I still think you are wrong. = a continuing state
- I can´t decide. I still can´t decide.
- Is my coat dry yet?(už) Not yet?(ještě ne)
- Is my coat dry already? = surprise – That´s quick.
- What are you up to these days?
- He´s out of work at the moment.
- Nowadays (v souč.době) more women have carriers. = in contrast with what things used to be
- He is currently having talks in China.
!!! presently, shortly = soon
I´ll be with you presently. – směřováno do budoucnosti
- tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
- next Sunday, the Sunday after next
- see you later / afterwards / after that
- Come at 3. I´ll be free then. – v tu dobu
- One day I´ll be rich.
- What comes next ? Co přijde teď?
- They´ll take us over before long. – zanedlouho
- this time next week – touto dobou příští týden
- in an hour- za hodinu
- in two weeks (time) – za 2 týdny
- in the future – v budoucnosti × in future – pro příště – Be more careful in future.
- yesterday, the day before yesterday
- last Sunday, the Sunday before last
- a week ago
- long ago – před dlouhou dobou
- once upon a time…there was a king
- in ancient times…people used to believe in ghosts; in the old days– v dávných dobách
- I lived there once. Kdysi jsem tam bydlel.
- I have only been there once (twice..). – jedenkrát
- this time last week
- we have met before / we have already met
- she lived there for 4 years – žila × she has lived there for 4 years – žije
- I´ve been feeling ill lately (pouze předpřít.čas) / recently (předpřít. i min.čas)
- I met them recently / the other day. – onehdy
- They met in 1980. He was a student then / in those days / at that time.
- earlier + jednod.min.čas – I made the dinner earlier, let´s warm it up.
- He met her one day in the park. – jednoho dne
- At first / In the beginning I thought it was raining, but I was wrong. – ze začátku
- At the beginning, at the end of a lesson means when the lesson begins or ends. – „techn. označení“
- I´m afraid they´ll tear the house down in the end / eventually / finally.
- At last the taxi has arrived. – konečně – suggests relief- úleva
Frequency: They seldom / hardly ever / rarely ask for my advice.
- hourly – adj. / adv.:
- She changes her mind hourly. = every hour (adv.)
- There are hourly flights to London.
He is always / continually / constantly complaining. = zlobí nás to
- Continual complaining = repeated constantly × continuous rain = without stopping